MEASUREMENT OF CEPHALIC AND FACIAL INDICES AMONG STUDENTS OF KUSMS

  • Dil Islam Mansur kusms
  • Sunima Maskey
  • Pragya Shrestha
  • Anupama Shrestha
  • Kalpana Sharma
  • Avinay Yadav
Keywords: Cephalic index, Face, Facial index, Head

Abstract

Background: The description of the human face has been a major concern since long time. IndiĀ­vidual identification is one such field where anthropometric parameters, especially cephalo-facial measurements, are an important tool in determining the various shapes of head and face. Hence the objective of the study was to determine the shapes of head and face.

Methods: The present study was a cross-sectional and observational type which consisted of 222 individuals (115 female and 107 male). It was conducted from January to June, 2019 after receiving ethical approval. The cephalic and facial indices were derived after measuring length and breadth of head and face. The collected data was entered in excel and analyzed with SPSS (22.0).

Results: The present study observed that the most common type of face was hyperleptoprosopic 168 (75.68%) followed by leptoprosopic 43 (19.37%), mesoprosopic 10 (4.50% female only) and euryprosopic 1 (0.93% male only). Similarly, the most common type of head was dolicocephalic 165 (74.33%), followed by mesocephalic 51 (22.97%), and brachycephalic 6 (2.70%).

Conclusions: This study concluded that the hyperleptoprosopic face was most common type and the least common type was euryprosopic face. The most common type of head was found to be dolicocephalic and the least common type was found to be brachycephalic.

Published
2020-03-14