KNOWLEDGE ON MENSTRUATION AND MENSTRUAL HYGIENE PRACTICES AMONG ADOLESCENTS GIRLS OF SELECTED SCHOOLS, CHITWAN

  • Mamata Sharma Chitwan Medical College
  • Kalpana Sharma Chitwan Medical college
  • Archana Pandey Bista Maharajgunj Nursing campus
  • Subash Subedi
  • Sandesh Lamichhane
Keywords: Knowledge, Menstruation, Menstrual hygiene, Practice

Abstract

Background: Menstrual hygiene is very important aspect for adolescent girls and proper men­strual hygiene has not been sufficiently addressed in developing countries including Nepal. This study aimed to assess the knowledge on menstruation and menstrual hygiene practices among adolescent girls.

Methods: Descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among adolescent girls studying in selected schools of Chitwan district. A total 193 girls who had menstrual flow experience for at least three consecutive menstrual cycles were selected as sample using the consecutive sampling technique. Data were analyzed in Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 16.0 using descriptive and inferential statistics.

Results: Most of the girls knew about menstruation as physiological process, normal age of men­struation, and causes of menstruation as hormonal change. Overall, 66.8% of girls had adequate level of knowledge on menstruation. Regarding practice, 94.8% cleaned their genitalia properly, 93.8% used the sanitary pads, and 97.4% wrapped and disposed the pads in dustbin after use. Over­all, 72.5% of girls had good level of menstrual hygiene practices. Adolescent girl’s age and grade, and occupation status of their father were significantly associated (p < 0.05) with menstrual hygiene practice. Further, significant positive relationship found between knowledge on menstruation and menstrual hygiene practice.

Conclusions: One third of adolescent girls have inadequate knowledge on menstruation and one fourth have poor menstrual hygiene practice. Therefore, an awareness and advocacy programs on menstruation and menstrual hygiene practices are needed for the adolescent girls to safeguard themselves against reproductive tract infections.

Author Biography

Kalpana Sharma, Chitwan Medical college

ABSTRACT

Background: Menstrual hygiene is very important aspect for adolescent girls and proper  menstrual hygiene has not been sufficiently addressed in developing countries including Nepal. This study aimed to assess the knowledge on menstruation and menstrual hygiene practices among adolescent girls.

Methods: Descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among 193 adolescent girls studying in selected schools of Chitwan district. A total 193 girls who had menstrual flow experience for at least three consecutive menstrual cycles were selected for the study. Consecutive sampling technique was used to select the sample. Pre-tested, structured interview schedule was used to collect the data. Data were analyzed in Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) software version 16 using descriptive and inferential statistics.

Results: Out of the total 193 adolescents’ girls, most of the girls knew about menstruation as physiological process, normal age of menstruation, and causes of menstruation as hormonal change. Overall, 66.8% of girls had adequate level of knowledge on menstruation. Regarding practice, 90% of girls used plain water to clean genitalia, 94.8% cleaned their genitalia properly, 93.8% used the sanitary pads, 97.4% used soap and water to wash hand after pad change and 97.4% wrapped and disposed the pads in dustbin after use. Overall, 72.5% of girls had good level of practice on menstrual hygiene. Cultural restriction practices was also found among girls such as not participating in religious activities (92.7%) and not entering into kitchen to cook food (74.6%). Mothers were the main sources of information (81.9%) for adolescent girls. Age, grade, occupation status of their father and knowledge on menstruation were significantly associated (p < 0.05) with the adolescent girls practice on menstrual hygiene.

Conclusion: One in three adolescent girls have inadequate knowledge on menstruation and one in four have poor practice on menstrual hygiene. Cultural restriction is still prevalent in society.Therefore, an awareness and advocacy programs on menstruation and safe menstrual hygiene practices are needed for the adolescent girls to safeguard themselves against reproductive tract infections.

Published
2020-03-14