MIRROR OF UPPER GASTROINTESTINAL ENDOSCOPIC FINDINGS IN LUMBINI PROVINCIAL HOSPITAL

  • Pushpa Raj joshi
  • Sharad Pokhrel
  • Narad Prashad Thapaliya
Keywords: Disease pattern, Indication, Upper GI Endoscopy

Abstract

Background: Upper Gastro Intestinal (UGI) endoscopy is a common and important procedure for UGI problems. In Nepal, especially to this region, there have not been many scientific studies about the pattern of diseases seen on UGI endoscopy. This study aimed to enlist patterns of upper GI endoscopic findings done in Lumbini Provincial Hospital.

Methods: This was a retrospective study of 200 consecutive patients who underwent UGI endos­copy from August 2017 to February 2018. Data were retrieved retrospectively from prospectively maintained data in computer-based systems and analyzed with SPSS-20.

Results: A total of 200 patients underwent UGI Endoscopy during the study period. Among them, females were 110 (55.0%) and males were 90(45.0%). The mean age of the study population was 46.3% (SD, 17.75). The pain abdomen was the most common indication for UGI endoscopy with 166 cases (83.0%) followed by gastrointestinal bleeding with 22 cases (11.0%). Benign lesions were seen in most of the cases which include non-ulcerative lesions 117(58.5%) and ulcerative benign lesions 72(36%). Malignancies found in 7(3.5%) cases and normal findings in 4 cases.

Conclusions: This study outlines the most common indications for upper GI endoscopy in our set up and disease patterns in those patients. This study will be helpful for an epidemiological

Published
2020-06-25
Section
Original Articles